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New Report on Temporomandibular Disorders: Priorities for Research and Care

Over a year and half ago, the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) began the most comprehensive study ever undertaken on Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD). The study assessed the current state of TMD research, education and training, the safety and efficacy of clinical treatments, and associated burden and costs.

Statement by NIDCR Acting Director on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Report on Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

I am pleased to announce the release of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) report, Temporomandibular Disorders: Priorities for Research and Care. As underscored by the comprehensive report, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJDs) are a diverse and still poorly understood set of complex, painful conditions affecting the jaw muscles and tissues, temporomandibular joints, and associated nerves. Clearly, there is much more to be understood, and these conditions continue to confound medical and dental health care providers and researchers.

Have you seen the film Dark Waters?

The Film. Dark Waters is about attorney Robert Billott's real-life 20 year legal battle against DuPont chemical for releasing toxic waste - perfluorooctanoic acid, or PFOA - into Parkersburg, West Virginia's water supply, with devastating health effects on the townspeople and livestock. PFOA, also known as C8, is a man-made chemical. It is used in the process of making Teflon and similar chemicals known as fluorotelomers.

Online TMD Diet Diary Research Project

Online TMD Diet Diary Research Project The TMJ Association received the following request from Professor Justin Durham and his research team at Newcastle University. We encourage TMJ patients to participate in this project as it is an under researched

Drug Induced Bruxism

The authors of this article state that orofacial movement disorders (bruxism) are treated typically by dental professionals and not by those specialists (neurologists) researching and treating the other movement disorders (Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, tremors, etc.). Again, this is more evidence of the complexity of TMD and the need for multidisciplinary research and treatment in TMD.

Can Drugs Help Temporomandibular Disorder Patients?

  • Dec 26, 2013

No drugs specifically targeted to treat temporomandibular disorders (TMD) have ever been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Yet many drugs—analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDS), opioids, muscle relaxants and others—are commonly prescribed. How effective are they?
 
To answer that, two dentist—Ph.D. researchers, Drs. Sharon Gordon and Raymond Dionne, and a graduate research fellow, Archana Viswanath, combed the medical literature published over five decades to see which drugs showed some measure of effectiveness in reducing pain and/or improving function in TMD patients.
 
In gathering the data, Dr. Gordon, associate professor in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at U. Maryland School of Dentistry, and Dr. Dionne, with a Ph.D. in pharmacology and 25 years of clinical research at the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, selected only those articles where the level of evidence was relatively strong, such as randomized controlled clinical trials (as opposed to case studies, for example).
 
They have now provided the TMJA with a summary of their results and a table categorizing the type of drug, the level of evidence and whether or not it demonstrated effectiveness.  
 
The good news is that drugs in several categories proved effective. But the investigators conclude that more research is needed, especially in light of the finding that many TMD patients experience comorbid painful conditions, necessitating new drug discoveries.

TMJ Disorders

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In Treating TMJ

To view or order a free booklet about TMJ Disorders, visit the National Institutes of Health website.

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