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New Report on Temporomandibular Disorders: Priorities for Research and Care

Over a year and half ago, the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) began the most comprehensive study ever undertaken on Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD). The study assessed the current state of TMD research, education and training, the safety and efficacy of clinical treatments, and associated burden and costs.

Statement by NIDCR Acting Director on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Report on Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

I am pleased to announce the release of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) report, Temporomandibular Disorders: Priorities for Research and Care. As underscored by the comprehensive report, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJDs) are a diverse and still poorly understood set of complex, painful conditions affecting the jaw muscles and tissues, temporomandibular joints, and associated nerves. Clearly, there is much more to be understood, and these conditions continue to confound medical and dental health care providers and researchers.

Have you seen the film Dark Waters?

The Film. Dark Waters is about attorney Robert Billott's real-life 20 year legal battle against DuPont chemical for releasing toxic waste - perfluorooctanoic acid, or PFOA - into Parkersburg, West Virginia's water supply, with devastating health effects on the townspeople and livestock. PFOA, also known as C8, is a man-made chemical. It is used in the process of making Teflon and similar chemicals known as fluorotelomers.

Online TMD Diet Diary Research Project

Online TMD Diet Diary Research Project The TMJ Association received the following request from Professor Justin Durham and his research team at Newcastle University. We encourage TMJ patients to participate in this project as it is an under researched

Drug Induced Bruxism

The authors of this article state that orofacial movement disorders (bruxism) are treated typically by dental professionals and not by those specialists (neurologists) researching and treating the other movement disorders (Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, tremors, etc.). Again, this is more evidence of the complexity of TMD and the need for multidisciplinary research and treatment in TMD.

Kahla's Story

  • May 13, 2015

As many of you know, it’s hard enough to deal with the symptoms of TMD, let alone the complications of failed surgery or faulty implants. Like so many Vitek implant patients, I’m a veteran of survival. Here’s a brief rundown on my story.

Family violence and a shattered jaw in early childhood changed the course of my life. In my late teens, unwilling to accept the medical advice that I should “just learn to live with the pain,” I explored a range of treatments offered in traditional western, eastern and alternative medicine.

As a 23-year-old in 1982, I left Australia for North America where practitioners were known to be at the forefront of the treatment for jaw disorders. In Portland, Maine, a well-respected surgeon offered me a solution with a promise: “There’s a new jaw disc implant which is state of the art. It will take away your pain, and it never needs replacing.” Wanting to believe in the promise of a pain-free existence, I placed my trust in his hands.

A few years later, back in Australia, I experienced relentless pain that felt like acid boiling under my skin.  It was full body pain, not isolated in the jaw, so I didn’t relate it to the implant, instead I was bounced from doctor to doctor and regularly labelled a hypochondriac. One day in 1993, a doctor I’d seen some months earlier sent me a fax from a U.S. conference that he was attending. The fax read: “The FDA has recalled a jaw disc implant manufactured by Vitek. Was that the implant you received?”

I’d never even heard of Vitek; so, I called my surgeon to find out more information but he was always unavailable. Months of unanswered phone messages, letters and faxes passed until I finally received a letter confirming that he’d inserted a Vitek disc implant though he assured me it was “still the state of the art” with “no real side effects.” He encouraged me to sign the enclosed disclaimer with the promise of sending me $1,000 USD!  I didn’t sign.

An Australian surgeon described the process of removing the Vitek implant and surrounding area as being similar to “scooping out cream cheese.” The implant had dissolved into my blood system and was destroying tissue, particularly around the site. Not only had a large portion of my jaw bone and cheekbone dissolved, the glenoid fossa (the bone protecting the brain from the jaw) had been perforated, which meant that the giant cell reaction (auto-immune response) was now in my brain cavity.

Documentation shows that problems with Teflon-coated implants were reported as far back as 1963. When Vitek launched the device in 1983, 100 percent failure rate was expected.

Because I live in Australia, the only time I’ve ever met other Vitek patients was at the National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference, Management of Temporomandibular Disorder, in 1996. Frankly I’m still processing that conference, but what impacted me most were the patients that I met. We were easy to spot─no words required─just instant recognition as we read the stories etched on each other’s faces. Untrained eyes failed to see our pain; they simply saw disfigurement.

In 1991 the FDA finally recalled the product. Vitek, Inc., was hit with an avalanche of legal claims and the company declared bankruptcy. I had been a plaintiff in medical litigation cases for over thirteen years in Australia and the U.S.A. The first was a class action in Houston, Texas. This was “successful” and funds were procured from Vitek’s bank account in Brazil. Patients were awarded funds based on a point system; I believe I was one of the patients receiving the highest allocation, which amounted to $12,000 USD after costs. A second-class action was entered into when my lawyers found out that my surgeon had been hired by Vitek to train other surgeons on the virtues of Vitek implants. My case stood strongly within the medical fraudulence and negligence laws (particularly with my letter as proof) surviving years of trials and retrials. Then suddenly I heard nothing─just delays and excuses on inquiry. Finally, my U.S. defense lawyers informed me that my case had been lost because it had fallen outside the statute of limitations. Further investigation on my part revealed that my lawyers had made submissions on my behalf 48 hours after the statute of limitations had expired. I had no legal claim against my lawyers because they informed me more than three years after the fact (which protected them from being sued for legal negligence).

A third trial was entered into when my Australian lawyers brought this matter to the Australian court. My case was set to run for a week starting on a Monday morning.  On the Friday before my trial, the Australian Federal Government rushed a new legislation through that honored the statute of limitations in other countries. My case was lost before it had even had a chance to be heard. Still we had to run the case for a day because everyone had been booked. They call this kind of trial “running a dead horse” and that’s exactly what it felt like. I was charged costs, which essentially put me into so much debt, that I entered bankruptcy. 

Until recently, my journey has been silent because my energy was consumed with physical and financial survival. Slowly, I’m learning how to write. Slowly, I’m documenting my research. Slowly, I’ve been dealing with the emotions that bubble to the surface and settle onto pages of my memoir (which I hope will include your stories too). 

It would be a great shame if all the lessons we’ve learned from Vitek were to be buried with us, and I live in hope that the tragedy of Vitek might be transformed into something worthwhile, particularly if we tell our stories.

Our stories empower us to keep going. They might even inspire others who are better trained and have more energy to participate in public dialogues that just might yield different protocols that will protect those who come after us.  Regardless of my view, it is clear there’s an urgent need for an international implant registry to be established, and in this digital age, there is simply no excuse.

We Need Your Help

A short time ago, a highly acclaimed Australian television journalist demonstrated interest in exploring some of the issues I’ve raised in this blog. In order to get the television documentary funded, we need to ascertain the number of Vitek implant patients from Australia. If you’re one of these folks, could you contact The TMJ Association with your details? We’re also looking for people who may be able to speak on camera. On top of all this, it would be wonderful if I could simply chat with you and listen to your story.

My heartfelt, best wishes to you all.


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